The Anatomy Of A Penis
The penis is an organ in males used as a sexual organ as well as a connector conveying urine to the outside of the body. The penis is composed of the head of the penis commonly referred to as the glans. It is covered by the prepuce, also called the foreskin. The foreskin is normally removed in minor operations conducted during circumcision.
After surgical removal, the tissue covering the glans dries up while it remains moist and pink in color in uncircumcised males. The part consisting of tissues that get filled with blood when one gets an erection is referred to as corpus cavernosum. These tissues are found on the sides of the penis.
There lie some tissues between the two columns of the corpus cavernosum. These tissues ensure that the urethra is maintained open. During an erection, the corpus spongiosum is filled with blood making the penis hard. The urethra also is found inside the penis. It is a tube that runs from the bladder to the glans whose main job is to provide passage for urine out of the body.
Just like any part of the body, the penis suffers disorders and diseases that can be treated while others can only be managed using medication. There are conditions such as a micropenis, a very tiny penis which one is born with resulting from hormonal imbalance, sexually transmitted infections and the cancer of the penis.
One can be born having an abnormal bend at the end of the penile shaft whose correction is performed surgically, a condition known as chordee. A curvature can also be seen on one’s penis as a result of trauma or other conditions. Such a condition is known as the Peyronie’s disease, mostly corrected by using penis extenders.
An uncircumcised penis could be inflamed on its head resulting in stiffness, reddening and a painful feeling. The disorders affecting the prepuce are known as balanoposthitis and balanitis. Undergoing circumcision prevents the occurrence of these conditions. The urethra could also catch an infection that causes a burning sensation when passing urine or other discharge from the manhood. The infection of the urethra is known as urethritis.
It is mostly predisposed by gonorrhea and Chlamydia and is treated by administering antibiotics. There are also quite a number of viral infections that attack the penis including herpes and penis warts, a condition that spreads very fast, especially, through having sex with an infected partner. Infected partners are treated using anti-viral drugs which combat the spread and reoccurrence of these viral infections.
Being a sex organ, a penis can be affected by diseases that are spread by sexual contact. Bacterial infections such as Chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis are spread by infected individuals during sexual intercourse. Luckily, these infections can be cured using antibiotics. The cancer of the penis is very rare because circumcision reduces the chances of malignancy.
The disorders such as erectile dysfunction affect the hardness of an erection during intercourse. The causes of such a disorder are diagnosed by putting on an elastic device when sleeping thereby detecting the cause of erectile dysfunction. The condition can be rectified using phosphodiesterase inhibitors.
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